According to data presented by the government of India in Lok Sabha, between 2011 and 2018, 891 soldiers of Indian Army (space, air
In 2011, there was a rapid increase in cases of suicides in the Indian Army where 105 cases of suicides were reported. After this, 104 jawans committed suicide in 2016. At the same time, 80 cases of suicide were reported in the army last year. In this way, the average number of suicides in the three forces every year is 111. The average of this year is 88 in the army, while in the Air Force it is 18.5 and the Navy is 4.5.
Apart from the three forces, the government has also given the figure of suicide committed by the soldiers in Central Military Police Forces (CAPF) and Assam Rifles. Among the CAPFs, for the year 2012-15, the highest number of suicides reported in the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), where 149 soldiers committed suicide. During this time, 134 personnel of the Border Security Force took their own lives.
In these four years, 56 personnel of Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) committed suicide while 25-25 of India’s Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and the Armed Forces Force (SSB) committed suicide. Meanwhile, 30 Assam Rifles personnel committed suicide.
Figures show that most of the young gazat officers were not junior commanding officers or subordinate officers but were from other ranks. According to statistics, most cases of suicides emerged from Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
The Union Home Ministry says that the cause of suicide is a long-term and consistent professional problem like deployment. According to the Ministry, there is also a need to face problems related to family issues, domestic problems and married life. Many times they are also under stress due to financial crisis.
The government claims that more cases of suicide are due to the stress of the soldiers and not to get out of it. The government says that they have taken several steps to create a healthy and favorable atmosphere for the military jawans. The government says that it provides better facilities like cloth, food, travel and entertainment. At the same time, he also arranges accommodation for the married couple and the school for the children. The government has also set up a mechanism to settle the problems with liberalizing the holiday policy.
A military psychiatric medical center has been established in Mumbai Naval Hospital INHS Ashwini. Along with this, other mental health centers have been set up in Mumbai, Goa, Kochi, Vizag, Port Blair and Karwar.
Meetings also happen from time to time for the jawans. Trained counselors have been deployed in all the units. Even before being included in the army, the soldiers are made aware about mental health. Yoga and meditation have been arranged in all the units to overcome the stress.