Now 2018 has been ended, we are going to look at the fact that how the past year has been known for a year of sensational legal decisions in the Supreme Court. Chief Justice of India, Dipak Mishra retired from his position as Justice Ranjan Gogoi took over his place. The bench chaired by Dipak Mishra gave many important decisions which are historic and disputed, such as the decision in the Sabarimala temple case, Aadhaar Case, the case of homosexuals, Adultery, also comes in this category. In this article, we are going to tell the top verdicts in SC in 2018.
Sabrimala Case Verdict in Supreme Court
There can’t be gender discrimination in Sabarimala devotion. The apex court in Sabarimala case granted permission for the entry of women of all ages by a 4: 1 majority. The only female judge of this bench, Indu Malhotra, gave its verdict against the majority of this decision. This decision was waiting for a long time.
Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A M Khanwilkar, Justice R F Nariman, and Justice D Y Chandrachud constituted the majority.
Homosexuality Article 377 Verdict in SC
Supreme Court finally ended the 157-year-old law Homosexuality that considered gay relations with the consent of two adults as criminal. In doing so, the court gave an unconstitutional agreement to Section 377 of the IPC. This decision was given by the bench of five judges.
Chief Justice Dipak Misra said it is a unanimous verdict expressed through four separate but concurring judgments. “Section 377 IPC is irrational, indefensible and arbitrary. The majoritarian views and popular morality cannot dictate constitutional rights”
Aadhaar Case Verdict in Supreme Court
The Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court ended the provisions of section 33 (2), 47 and 57; The exception to the national security associated with this has also been given as unwarranted and that private sector can not demand base data. This move was written by Justice AK Sikri to the bench, which was received by Chief Justice Justice Dipak Mishra and Justice AM Khanvilkar.
The majority judgment authored by Justice Sikri also holds that the architecture of Aadhaar, as well as the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, do not tend to create a surveillance state.
It was also observed that this aspect is ensured by the manner in which the Aadhaar project operates. The SC judges also found that it is very difficult to create a profile of a person simply on the basis of biometric and demographic information stored in CIDR and -Insofar as authentication is concerned, there are sufficient safeguard mechanisms.
Adultary Case Verdict 2018 in Supreme Court
Even with this decision, the Supreme Court ended the 158-year-old rule. The bench upheld the Section 497 of the IPC. By this statute, the husband was considered as the owner of a woman. This law considered adultery to be unlawful.
However, the court has said that fornication will be considered as the basis of divorce. It was also said in the judgment that if a husband or wife is committed to