On 26th January 1950 Constitution of India came into effect replacing the Government of India Act as the governing document of India and since then 26th January is celebrated as the Republic Day of India. The most popular practice on Republic Day in the country is the flag hoisting ceremonies and parades by armed forces and school children held in different parts of the country. The grandest and most important of these parades is held at Rajpath, New Delhi, which showcases a multicolored image of the country’s rich cultural heritage and military expertise.
The parade takes place in the presence of the President of India. The Republic Day parade pays tribute to the martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country and to give away bravery awards to military persons and citizens showing courage during distress. The Prime Minister of India lays wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate in memory of all the members of the armed forces who gave up their life for the country. After that there is the 21 gun salute, unfurling the National Flag and singing of the National Anthem. After the flag unfurling ceremony, awards such as the Paramvir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, and Vir Chakra are presented to the chivalrous award winners.
The parade begins with the winners of the chivalrous awards saluting the President in open military jeeps, followed by the display of various tanks, missiles and other equipments that have been added to the military. After this the march-past of different regiments of the armed forces, police, home guards and the National cadet corps takes place. The President of India who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. After that a series of cultural programs are presented to the audience by patriotic school children.